And the Nobel Prize winners are…
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has announced the Nobel Prizes for this year.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in ending the 20-year war between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopia and Eritrea, long-time foes who fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after two decades of hostility.
The 2019 Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology was jointly awarded to two Americans and a British scientist, namely William G Kaelin Jr, Gregg L Semenza, Sir Peter J Ratcliffe, for their discoveries of “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability”.
The scientists’ work established the basis for understanding of how oxygen levels are sensed by cells – a discovery that is being explored by medical researchers seeking to develop treatments for various diseases that work by either activating or blocking the body’s oxygen-sensing machinery.
Canadian-American cosmologist James Peebles and Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz on Tuesday won the Nobel Physics Prize for research that increases the understanding of our place in the Universe.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B Goodenough, M Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino “for the development of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionised the world of technology. The batteries power everyday products such as smartphones, laptops and even electric vehicles.
Olga Tokarczuk, author of ‘Ksiegi Jakubowe’ (‘The Books of Jacob’), won the Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 2018. Last year, the prize was not given to anyone.
The Polish writer was described by the Swedish Academy as someone who “never views reality as something stable or everlasting. She constructs her novels in a tension between cultural opposites; nature versus culture, reason versus madness, male versus female, home versus alienation”.
Olga Tokarczuk, the 15th woman to win the Nobel Literature Prize, has won the International Booker Prize in 2018.
Austrian author Peter Handke has won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature. Peter Handke was awarded “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.”
The Nobel Prize in Literature is one of five international prizes instituted by the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish businessman, chemist, engineer and philanthropist.