Is Hong Kong in trouble?
Hong Kong as we know today is a sprawling city lined with beautiful buildings and crowded markets. And, of course, has DisneyLand! It’s a global business hub, which means that almost all the major companies from all over the world have a factory or an unit here.
It’s just another Chinese city but enjoys freedom of a separate country because of its history. Many people say that China wants to take away that freedom, and that’s why Hong Kongers are protesting against it.
But to know why it’s so important that Hong Kong stays free from China, we need to go back in time and learn about its history.
Hong Kong stayed under Chinese rule until 1842 when Britain won the city after a war with China.
It became a British colony, like India, and thousands of Chinese settled here.
During World War 2, Japan occupied Hong Kong, but British took it over again in 1946.
After 1950s, Hong Kong became a global textile hub, and also a city of factories.
People were against the colonial rule but they also didn’t want to go back to China which is a communist country with strict rules.
Hong Kong is also called Asian Tiger because of its dominance in global business world.
After many talks, in July 1997, Hong Kong was returned to China but with many conditions.
Britain asked China not to rule Hong Kong like the rest of Chinese territory. It was given freedom and has its own Executive Council.
It’s ruled under the principle of One country, two systems. The people of Hong Kong like to live under such autonomy. Even now, whenever China tries to take control of Hong Kong, its people fight back. So much so, that young activists in the country want complete independence from China.
Hong Kong has the most skyscrapers (classified as building with more than 14 floors) in the world; double that of its nearest rival: New York City.