Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia-Azerbaijan sign peace deal
After weeks of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, Russia brokered peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan. More than 1,200 people have lost their lives as per the Nagorno-Karabakh authorities, while thousands have been displaced in the conflict.
The peace deal, which was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenia’s prime minister Nikol Pashinyan, says that Azerbaijan will hold on to areas of Nagorno-Karabakh that it has taken during the conflict. Armenia has also agreed to withdraw from several other adjacent areas over the next few weeks.
This kind of benefits to the Azerbaijani government as the country has taken control of 15-20% of the area. The deal means victory for Azerbaijan, even as there were massive protests in Armenia against the agreement.
The deal says all military operations would be suspended in Nagorno-Karabakh, Around 2,000 Russian peacekeepers will be deployed along the line of contact and along the Lachin corridor that connects the region to Armenia. The peacekeepers will be deployed in the area for a period of five years. Turkey too would take part in the peacemaking process.
Refugees and internally displaced persons will return to the region and the adjacent territories and the two sides will also exchange prisoners of wars and bodies. Significantly, a new corridor will be opened from Nakhchivan to Azerbaijan, which will be under Russian control.