On UN Day, let’s know more about this global organisation
We all are the people of this earth. We may live in different countries, speak different languages, follow different religions or have different points of view but as humans our most important trait should be kindness. The United Nations is a global organisation which helps us be kind to each other, transcending boundaries— both physical and mental. It’s a global platform where countries can sort out their differences amicably. Every year, we celebrate UN Day on October 24. Let’s know more about this organisation…
- The UN was founded in 1945 after the Second World War to replace the League Of Nations which had been ineffectual in preventing war.
- When the UN was founded there were 45 members. There are now 193, the latest being South Sudan in 2011.
- The official United Nations Charter is ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other countries.
- The main bodies of the UN are: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat.
- The presidency of the General Assembly rotates among five groups of member states: African, Asian, Eastern European, Latin American/Caribbean, and Western European.
- The UN currently has more than 100,000 peacekeepers helping keep peace in 14 operations on 4 continents.
- The UN and its agencies help over 1 million women a month overcome pregnancy complications. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) works to make motherhood safer, among other responsibilities.
- The UN brought countries together in 2015 to launch a plan to end poverty, reduce inequalities, and protect the planet by 2030. The Sustainable Development Goals provide a common blueprint for countries to reach a world of dignity for all by 2030.
- The UN Headquarter is in New York. The UN also has three regional headquarters: one in Geneva (Switzerland), opened in 1946; another in Vienna (Austria) in 1980; and in Nairobi (Kenya) in 2011.
- The longest speech in the history of the UN was made on January 23, 1957. For five hours, Indian representative V.K. Krishna Menon defended India’s position on Kashmir, and, still not satisfied after 5 hours, he continued for three more hours during the next day’s session.
- The late former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first person to deliver his speech in Hindi at the UNGA. Though he spoke in Hindi when he became the PM in 1999, he delivered the Hindi speech much earlier too in 1977 when he was the Indian Foreign Minister.