What is UNSC and why it matters for India?
India has been elected to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) with an overwhelming majority of 184 votes. India’s 2-year term as a non-permanent member will begin from January 1, 2021. This is the 8th time Indian has been selected to the United Nations Security Council.
The Security Council is the only UN body that can make legally binding decisions like imposing sanctions and authorizing the use of force. It has five permanent veto-wielding members – the US, Britain, France, China and Russia – and 10 non-permanent members.
Other non-permanent members
Other than India, Mexico, Ireland and Norway were also elected. Other non-permanent members are Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tunisia and Vietnam.
Importance of UNSC
The Security Council was formed after World War 2 to maintain global peace. The council consists of 15 members of which five are permanent, they have the veto power. It means any decision needs to be in agreement with these five countries. It played major roles in keeping peace during Korean War, Suez issue, Congo War etc.